It may not be the most glamorous part of gardening, but fertilization is among the most important. Knowing what and how to use it correctly is a vital part of maintaining a healthy garden. Whether you do all the work yourself, or you hire outsiders for gardening and trimming trees in Lilburn, here are some things you should know about fertilization.


What Is Fertilizer?

Fertilizer is composed of three prime elements: Nitrogen promotes healthy leaf growth which is crucial for the production of chlorophyll, required for photosynthesis; Phosphorous is vital for the development of roots, stems and fruit; and Potassium, a requirement for the manufacture and digestion of food in plants.


Why Plants Require Fertilizer

As noted above, plants require the essential chemicals present in fertilizer to grow and thrive. But, if all these chemicals occur naturally, why the need for fertilizer? The soil we use for gardening may not contain these chemicals in a sufficient quantity for plants to grow. The soil may be damaged, or its chemistry may have been altered by construction or agriculture where the chemicals may have been leeched out over time. That's why it's up to us -  the planters, gardeners, and tree trimmers of Lilburn - to tend to our gardens, giving them just the right amount of fertilizer our gardens need to produce sturdy, healthy plants.


Granular Fertilizers versus Water-Soluble Fertilizers

Generally speaking, granular fertilizers last longer, but are slow-acting, while water-soluble fertilizers are fast-acting, but need to be applied more frequently. Granular fertilizers have the advantage of being easy to apply to large areas at a time, though they can also be applied to individual plants. Water-soluble fertilizers can be applied on the soil, but unlike granular fertilizers, they can be applied directly to a plant's leaves via a spray. This can be particularly helpful if the plant is in quick need of trace element such as iron.


Any healthy garden will need to be regularly maintained with fertilizer. Healthy plants will be hardier, more resistant to pests, and produce more beautiful flowers, fruits, and vegetables, thus making any gardener proud.