Georgia’s state tree is a live oak for good reason! All different types of live oak trees populate this area heavily. Oak trees have about 450 different species, with over 20 of them being native to Georgia. We have listed out a five different types of the most commonly seen oak trees in this area.
White Oak (Quercus Alba)
Towering at 65-85 feet, the white oak is one of the most popular trees in the area. This tree is specifically used in boat building due to its rot resistance and durability. Showy fall foliage gives this one its personality turning red to orange in the fall. These trees can only be transplanted when they are very young due to the deep tap root that penetrates deep into the soil. Cutting this might forfeit the tree altogether.
Southern Red Oak (Quercus Falcata)
Slightly larger than the White Oak, the Southern Red is another favorite species of Georgia, making its way to 115-125ft tall. It has 7-11 waxy lobes on its leaves, making it easily distinguishable. It prefers full sun in the Georgia heat so it would be a great shade tree to plant in bare areas. It tolerates drought however, mulching at the base and regular watering are preferred.
Willow Oak (Quercus Phellos)
Streams and rivers are the common residence for this type as it requires lots of water and good drainage to thrive. This medium sized tree is uniquely distinguished from other oaks because of its long pencil leaves. The fruit of this tree are small acorns, providing food for birds, squirrels and other animals.
Pin Oak (Quercus Palustris)
Fast growing, easy transplant and pollution tolerance, this tree is a favorite for neighborhoods all over the area. It’s not picky with the type of soil its planted in either and can adapt well to any environment. Their wood is very heavy and often used in general construction and for firewood.
Water Oak (Quercus Nigra)
This tree is commonly identified by its spatula shaped leaves and smooth, brown bark. This provides a great shade tree or ornamental because of its spreading canopy. Like all other oaks, it has a very fast growth rate and adapts well to any type of soil.
Live Oak (Quercus Virginiana)
Last but not least, Georgia’s state tree is a Live Oak, commonly found on the coast near Savannah and surrounding areas. This beautiful tree has a root system that runs for miles, yes, MILES and is very adaptable. Covered in spanish moss, these trees provide a number of benefits from aesthetics to shade.
Is your tree not listed here? Our tree experts at North American Tree Service can properly identify each and every one of the trees in your yard if necessary, while providing a written report of the health and risks of them as well. If you’re looking for tree service in Winder, Ga. call North American Tree Service, tree experts since 1980.